chalazion is a small bump in the eyelid caused by a blockage of a tiny oil
gland. This oil
gland is located in the inside of the eyelid and produce a thin, oily fluid
that lubricates the eyes. A
chalazion is not normally infected. Over time, inflammation causes a nodule (or
granuloma) to form. This is a firm, more solid lump that remains for a long
time (is chronic).
- The usual symptom is a small
lump which develops on an eyelid. It might look unsightly.
it causes mild pain or irritation, particularly if it has just started - this
it gets infected. It then becomes more swollen and painful.
- Sight is
not affected. Rarely, it can become so big that it presses on the eyeball and
be advised at first. Between 1 in 4 and 1 in 2 people get better without
any treatment. It can take quite a long time, between two and six months
or more to resolve. However, if it is not causing you any problems, it is
probably best to just to watch and wait.
help to ease discomfort. Hold a clean flannel that has been in hot water
gently but firmly against the closed eye. Do this for 5-10 minutes, 3-4
times a day. Sometimes this warmth and slight pressure is enough to soften
the contents of the fluid-filled swelling (cyst), helping it drain more
easily. (The water should be hot, but comfortable and not scalding.)
- Massage of the cyst after using a
hot compress can encourage the cyst to drain. Do this gently, with a clean
finger or cotton bud, in the direction of the eyelashes.
twice per day removes grease and grime that may contribute to cysts
forming. A weak solution of baby shampoo in warm water is ideal.
- Surgery is an option if it does not
go, or if it causes troublesome symptoms.. The operation is done under
local anaesthetic. The eyelid is numbed. A small cut is then made on the
inside of the eyelid to release the contents of the cyst. It is a minor