Squint also known Strabismus is a visual problem in which the eyes to be misaligned and point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other eye turns inward, outward, upward, or downward. The eye turn may be consistent, or alternate. It is also known as strabismus
Squint is a common condition among children. It can also occur later in life. It may run in families; however, many people with squint have no relatives with the problem.
Esotropia- inward turning of the eye
Exotropia- outward turning of the eye
Hyperopia- upward turning of the eye
Hypotropia- downward turning of the eye
Inward turning Outward turning
Most squints develop at some time in the first three years of life. Some develop in older children and adults. Squints that develop in children usually have different causes to those that develop in adults.
Diagnosis and assessment of squint
It is important to diagnose a squint as early as possible. Routine checks to detect eye problems in babies and children are usually done at the newborn examination and at the 6- to 8-week review. There is also a routine preschool or school-entry vision check.
Surgery is often needed to correct the appearance of the squint itself, and may help to restore binocular vision in some cases.